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Guide for Information Retrieval

1. Homepage. 2

1.1 Journal List 2

1.2 External Search Links. 2

1.3 Default Search. 2

1.4 Search Entry. 3

2. Basic Search. 3

2.1 Search Fields. 3

2.2 Limited Search. 4

2.3 Search in Results. 4

3. Thesaurus Search. 5

3.1 Search Interface. 5

3.2 MeSH List 5

3.3 Details of MeSH Term.. 6

3.4 Combined Search. 7

4. Journal Search. 8

4.1 Search Interface. 8

4.2 Journal Search Result 8

4.3 Journal Details. 9

5. Author Search. 9

5.1 Search Interface. 9

5.2 Author List 10

6. Advanced Search. 10

7. Search History. 11

8. Search Results. 11

8.1 Article List 12

8.2 Article Details Page. 12

8.3 Result Output 13

8.4 Result Analysis. 14



In order to help users find literatures by certain way, WPRIM platform provides a variety of search methods, such as Basic Search, Thesaurus Search, Journal Search, Author Search, Advanced Search and Search History function.

1. Homepage

1.1 Journal List

Journals approved by the WPRIM Regional Journal Selection Committee since 2007 are listed by country alphabetically.

Click journal title to view details of the journal.

1.2 External Search Links

The system provides external search targets such as GHL and PubMed. Search request will be send to target website and corresponding results will be displayed.

1.3 Default Search

Select WPRIM as search target; enter one or more search terms, the platform will return retrieval results by default search just like searching in “Default” field of Basic Search (see 2.1 for more details).

1.4 Search Entry

2. Basic Search

2.1 Search Fields

1) Default: including Article Title Words + Abstract Words + MeSH Terms + Author Name + Keywords + Vernacular Title, if any of these fields’ value contains the search terms, then the record will be considered to meet the user’s search. Particularly, by selecting “Intelligent Search” option, the system will expand the search term intelligently, automatically achieving to synchronized retrieval, not only including the search term, but also the corresponding Headings and Subheadings.

2) All: the combination of all fields related to the article.

3) Searching articles within the specific field, such as Title, Vernacular Title, Abstract, Keywords, MeSH, Author, Affiliation, Country, Journal Title and Year.

2.2 Limited Search

Click “More Limits” to set restrict conditions, such as Article Type, Age, Gender, Humans or Animals etc.

Determiners are connected with sessions; the qualification will continue to work till you click “Clear” or log out.

Tips for Basic Search:

1)      The system combines multiple words with logic operator “AND” automatically.

2)      Logic operators “AND”, “OR” and “NOT” can be used directly, for example, cancer AND prevention. However, the Intelligent Search isn’t suitable for logic condition, when you use logic operator, or use more than one terms to search, do not select “Intelligent Search”.

3)      If the search terms contain special characters, use double quotes to quote them.

4)      The system supports wildcard “?” and “%”.

2.3 Search in Results

In order to obtain more accurate search results, you can select the “Search in Results” for a secondary search, the system will combine the search terms in two times with logic AND.

You can continue to use this function on secondary search results page.

Search in Results can combine with Limited Search (see 2.2).

3. Thesaurus Search

Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) is the U.S. National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary used for indexing articles for MEDLINE/PubMed. WPRIM indexes the articles with MeSH terms by automatic indexing system which developed by IMICAMS.

Thesaurus Search can improve the ratio of Recall and Precision efficiently.

3.1 Search Interface

Type English Headings or synonyms into the search box. (e.g., AIDS)

3.2 MeSH List

Select appropriate MeSH term by looking at the list.

All Entry Terms and corresponding MeSH terms related to AIDS are listed.

Hits field shows the number of article, which contains the MeSH term in WPRIM database.

3.3 Details of MeSH Term

Click “Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome” in MeSH List, the Heading’s notes and its position in different MeSH trees are displayed. These details together with the MeSH List are aiming to help users find appropriate MeSH term to search.

3.4 Combined Search

Select “Major MeSH” to search only for major MeSH terms, which with “*” ahead of them.

Select Subheadings which you want to search for specific aspects of the MeSH term.

Tips for “Explode Search”:

1)      No Explode: using the MeSH term itself to search, not including its narrower terms.

2)      Explode: using the MeSH term and its narrower terms (in All categories or certain MeSH Tree) to search.

Tips of Subheadings:

1) The system is automatically listing all of the Subheadings which can be combined with current MeSH term.

2) You can add or delete Subheadings by clicking “Add” or “Delete”.

3) The Subheadings with “+” behind them, means that they have narrower terms, you can explode it or not.

4) Click one of the Subheadings; the system will correspondingly display its note.

4. Journal Search

4.1 Search Interface

Journal titles are listed alphabetically form A to Z; click the journal title to view its details.

You can also find journals by selecting Journal Title, Abbreviation, Country, Publisher and ISSN.

4.2 Journal Search Result

Hits field shows the number of articles published by the journal in WPRIM database.

Click the journal title to view its details.

4.3 Journal Details

Your can search articles in current journal: Entering search terms Setting conditions in year and issue Click “Browse”.

5. Author Search

5.1 Search Interface

Enter an author’s name; click “Next” to view the author list.

You can find the first author only, with the “First Author” limit.

5.2 Author List

Hits field shows the number of articles published by the author.

Select the author (multiple selections are supported) and click “End” or click the author name directly to view corresponding articles.

If you have limited “First Author”, “Next” button will be shown on this page, you can find specific articles that published by certain authors in certain institutions: select first author(s) click “Next” select institution(s) click “End”.

6. Advanced Search

Advanced Search provides retrieval method with field combination.

The search fields are the same with Basic Search, if you want to search different terms in different fields at one-time, select the logic operator (AND, OR, NOT) after the last search box, the system will automatically add a new field selection box and an search box.

On the contrary, click minus image to delete the corresponding field selection box and search box.

See 2.2 and 2.3 for Search in Results and Limited Search

7. Search History

For each user, every retrieval process is reserved in cache as a search history, including serial number, number of hits, query expression and search time.

Click the query expression to search it again.

Combine two or more queries to generate a new query by clicking logic operators AND, OR and NOT. ( Select queries click the logic operator click “Go” to get results.)

The system can save at most 100 queries for each user.

The search history is connected with session and will always valid till the user log out.

Select meaningless queries and click “Clear History” to delete them manually.

8. Search Results

The ultimate goal for all kinds of search is to help user find articles.

8.1 Article List

1) The search terms in search results will be highlighted in red.

2) On top of the list, number of hits is also shown in red, as well as current page number and total page number.

3) Set the number of articles per page through the selection box beside “Show”, default value is 20.

4) Click Home, “Prev”, “Next” or “End” to go to the first page, the previous page, the next page or the last page; for specific page, type page number into the input box after “Page”, and click “Go”.

5) Select the rank method through the selection box after “Sort” on right panel.

6) Default display mode is Brief, including article title, author and journal related information, and user can select Abstract mode on right panel.

7) Green icon means that the full text of this article is available online, click the icon to visit original website.

8.2 Article Details Page

Click the article title on article list page to view its details.

Click the green icon to get full text, the same as the list page.


8.3 Result Output

Select Output Records:

1)      All Records: all hit records in this retrieval process (the maximum is 500).

2)      Selected Records: articles have been selected.

3)      All Records on Page: all articles on current page.

4)      Records X to Y: limit the range by inputting the number manually.

You can print or save your selected records with four file types, Normal type is the WPRIM’s own standard, and the others all can be imported into corresponding software directly.

You can also obtain your selected records via Email: Click “Email”, type your email address into the text box and click “Send”.

8.4 Result Analysis

Click “Result Analysis” on right panel to analyze the result.

Steps: Select analyzed field (Rank the records by this field) select the number of analyzed records set display options set the sorting method click “Result Analysis”.


1) Sort by "Record count" means that displaying the results by the number of records; sort by "Selected field" means that displaying the results alphabetically (A-Z) or numerically (0-9).

2) It will take several minutes when analyzing a large amount of records.

3) Select certain records and click "Show Selected"; you can browse the details of the records, and can reanalyze them.

4) You can save the analysis report by clicking “Save Results”.


©2009 WHO Western Pacific Region Office
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