### An Assessment on Cu-Equivalent Image of Digital Intraoral Radiography.

- Author:
Jae Duk KIM
^{ 1 }

Author Information

- Publication Type:Original Article
- Keywords: digital; Cu-Equivalent image; conversion equation
- MeSH: Copper; Humans; Mandible; Radiography*; Ticks
- From:Journal of Korean Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology 1999;29(1):33-42
- CountryRepublic of Korea
- Language:Korean
- Abstract: Geometically standardaized dental radiographs were taken. We prepared Digital Cu-Equivalent Image Analyzing System for quantitative assessment of mandible bone. Images of radographs were digitized by means of Quick scanner and personal Mcquintosh computer. NIH image as software was used for analyzing images. A stepwedge composed of 10 steps of 0.1mm copper foil in tickness was used for reference material.This study evaluated the effects of step numbers of copper wedge adopted for calculating equation, kVp and exposure time on the coefficient of determination(r2)of the equation for conversion to Cu-equivalent image and the coefficient of variation and Cu-Eq value(mm) measured at each copper step and alveolar bone of mandible. The results were as follows: 1. The coefficients of determination(r2) of 10 conversion equations ranged from 0.9996 to 0.9973(mean=0.9988) under 70kVp and 0.16 sec. exposure. The equation showed the highest r2 was Y=4.75614612-0.06300524x +0.00032367x2 -0.00000060x3. 2. The value of r2 became lower when the equation was calculated from the copper stepwedge including 1.0mm step. In case of including 0mm step for calculation, the value of r2 showed variability. 3. The coefficient of variation showed 0.11, 0.20 respectively at each copper step of 0.2, 0.1mm in thickness. Those of the other steps to 0.9 mm ranged from 0.06 to 0.09 in mean value. 4. The mean Cu-Eq value of alveolar bone was 0.14+/-0.02mm under optimal exposure. The values were lower than the mean under the exposures over 0.20sec. in 60kVp and over 0.16sec. in 70kVp . 5. Under the exposure condition of 60kVp 0.16sec., the coefficient of variation showed 0.03, 0.05 respectively at each copper-step of 0.3, 0.2mm in thickness. The value of r2 showed over 0.9991 from both 9 and 10 steps of copper. The Cu-Eq value and the coefficient of variation was 0.14+/-0.01mm and 0.07 at alveolar bone respectively. In summary, A clinical application of this system seemed to be useful for assessment of quantitative assessment of alveolar provided high coefficient of determination is obtained by the modified adoption of copper step numbers and the low coefficient of variation for the range of Cu-Equivalent value of alveolar bone from optimal kVp and exposure time for each x-ray machine.